Food Service

Sewage & Water

Food Service

Food Service

Food Service Information

PROGRAM GOAL: To ensure that the community is protected from foodborne illness.

PROGRAM RESPONSIBILITY: The Board of Health is charged with the enforcement authority of Ohio Revised Code Chapter 3717 and Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 3717 (Ohio Food Safety Code) , OAC 3701-21 (Food Service Administrative Rules) and OAC 901:3-4 (Retail Food Establishment Administrative Rules) concerning the construction, operation and sanitation for food service (FSO), Retail Food Establishment (RFE) and vending locations.

Food protection services of the County General Health District include licensing and inspections of restaurants, grocery stores, vending machines and carnival food stands, in addition to conducting foodborne illness investigations.

Also, are you interested in up-to-date food recalls? If so, check out recent USDA recalls, FDA Enforcement Index and Ohio Department of Agriculture Recalls for more information.

Food Service Definitions

Currently, in the State of Ohio, food service operations are divided into classes based upon risk as follows:

A standard inspection consists of an unannounced visit to accomplish the following: - note all existing observed violations. Violations are defined as critical and non-critical.

Example of critical violations are as follows:

  1. Food from an unapproved source
  2. Potentially hazardous foods stored at improper temperatures
  3. Cross contamination of food
  4. Hand washing violations
  5. Employees health
  6. Toxic chemical stored with food

Examples of non-Critical violations are as follows:

  1. License not displayed
  2. Unapproved equipment
  3. Non-food contact surface dirty
  4. Improper garbage and refuse storage
  5. Inadequate lighting
  6. Inspect/rodent infestation

A critical control point (CCP) inspection consists of a scheduled visit designed to identify and prevent food handling procedures that have been known to lead to outbreaks of foodborne disease. This inspection is strictly meant to be educational.


If you are interested in receiving the latest Health District inspections report for a restaurant in the Health Distrcit please send your request to the Health Department at

Paulding County Health Department
800 East Perry Street
Paulding, Oh 45879

Please include the following:
Name of Restaurant
Address of Restaurant
Your Name
Your Address

Food Application

Please contact our office to obtain applications to open up a food establishment. We will have these forms on-line in the near future.

Toll Free @ 1-866-399-3921 or 419-399-3921

FSO/RFE Food Facility Plan Review Packet (PDF)
Operational, Licensing Requirements, Application & Guide For Mobile Units (PDF)
Instructions for Applicants of Temporary Food Facilities (PDF)

Sewage & Water

Private Water

PROGRAM GOAL: To ensure that the users of private water supplies will have safe drinking water free from contaminants.

PROGRAM RESPONSIBILITY: The Board of Health is charged with the enforcement authority of Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 3701-28 and Chapter 410 of the Regulations of the Board of Health of the County General Health District. Both govern the construction, inspection, installation, development, maintenance and abandonment of private water supplies (PWS). Private water supplies include certain non-community operations and 1, 2 and 3 family dwellings served by individual water supplies.


Water sample (applications found below) - The Health Department inspects private water wells for house sale, refinancing and drinking water purposes. Water samples are taken on Wednesdays only, with the exception of holiday weeks. The test that is performed for bacteria is called "total coliform". Coliform bacteria are "indicator" organisms whose presence indicates the potential presence of possible harmful (pathogenic) organisms. Coliform bacteria are not harmful by them selves. Please call our office to schedule an appointment for a water sample test, or for a quote on other tests which are available, at 1-866-399-3921

Well Permits - The Health Department issues new, alteration and sealing well permits. An application maybe obtain through the Health District offices at 1-866-399-3921. These permits are not available via the internet.

The Chlorination procedure below is in PDF format. If you do not have Adobe Reader, please select Adobe Reader and download this software program.

Chlorination Procedures (chlorinating well water)


Sealing Wells

Sealing Private Water Supply


Private water systems are water supplies other than public water and can be in the form of a well, spring, pond, cistern or hauled water supply or a combination of any of these sources. When a new water supply is developed (new well) or when a connection to public water supply is made, the existing well, cistern or hauled water tank is generally abandoned. When a private water supply is abandoned, and no longer in use, the Ohio Administrative Code requires that it must be properly sealed within thirty days.

Why is sealing an unused water supply so important? When unused water supplies are no longer maintained, they can deteriorate and allow surface contaminants to enter the ground water system. An unused water supply can also pose a physical safety hazard if left unattended.


The Ohio Department of Health registers private water system contractors throughout the state for the installation, alteration and sealing of water supplies. Property owners can obtain a list of registered contractors from the Health District in order to obtain estimates on well sealing costs. A well sealing permit must be obtained from the Health District by the contractor or the property owner prior to beginning work.

Sealing a Private Water Supply (PWS) requires removal or perforation of the well casing to allow sealing of the annular space. The well must be disinfected prior to sealing. grouting materials used to seal a well must meet ASTM standard C150and/or NSF standard 60. the type of grouting material used (cement or bentonite based) is determined by the type and depth of well to be abandoned. Once a water supply is properly sealed, an ODNR well sealing report must be completed and a copy must also be submitted to the Health District. Cisterns, water storage tanks, spring boxes and dug well must also be sealed. There are special requirements for sealing these types of water supplies also discussed in OAC 3701-28-071.

The Health District recommends that property owners hire a registered contractor to seal their water supply. Other than cement, it is extremely difficult to obtain grouting materials as a homeowner. There are special requirements for the dispersal of the grouting material in the well. Registered private water system contractors possess the knowledge, skills, sealing materials and equipment properly seal a well in compliance with OAC 3701-28-07 and 071. They also have a proper sealing reporting forms that need to be submitted to verify that the water supply has been properly sealed. Homeowners wishing to seal the well on their own must contract the Health District for further instructions.

Private Water Supply Maintenance Option

Sometimes property owners choose to keep their private water supplies for an alternative source of water supplies for an alternative source of water for such uses as watering the lawn or garden and for washing the car. If the homeowner decides to keep their well once they connect to public water if is necessary for the water supply to be in compliance with the Ohio Private Water System (PWS) Rules.

In order to be in compliance with the rules the private water system must meet the structural and backflow requirements. Water wells for example, must have casing and extend above the ground, proper well caps, and a pitless adapter on the waterline exiting the wall casing. If the property owner requests to keep their water supply, they must contact the Health District to schedule an inspection to determine if the water supply is in compliance with the rules.

If compliance deficiencies are encountered during inspection, then corrections would be required. Corrections may require obtaining an alteration permit from the Health District in order to allow repairs to the well. Wells, cisterns, springs and ponder previously used for private water supply must be maintained as though the water was still being used for consumption regardless of intended use.


Sewage (Septic)

PROGRAM GOAL: To ensure that residents of the community do not experience disease, adverse health effects or nuisances resulting from improperly or inadequately treated sewage.

PROGRAM RESPONSIBILITY: The Board of Health is charged with the enforcement authority of Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 3701-29 and part 8 of the Regulations of the Board of Health of the County General Health District concerning the construction, installation and maintenance of individual sewage disposal systems serving 1, 2 and 3 family dwellings.

Site Evaluation - The health district evaluates all vacant properties that requires a home sewage disposal system prior to building. These evaluations determine the type and location of the sewage system. The application may be found below. The current property owner must sign the application. After we receive the application and fee the evaluation takes approximately 2 weeks before the results are available.

Septic Inspection (house sale/refinance) - Inspection/evaluations of existing home sewage disposal systems prior to the sale or refinancing of a home. (application below) Requirements for the inspection are found on the application, i.e. home must be occupied, system cannot be pumped 30 days prior to inspection. The legal sized application maybe printed out below. This application must be completed and must be signed by the current homeowner. The Health District must receive the original signed application.

APPLICATIONS - Contact the Health District office at 1-866-399-3921 or 419-399-3921 for fee information.

(Note: Septic Inspection - An original form, that is an NCR form, must also be attached with this form. Please obtain an orignial form from our office.) The information on this site is not intended as a substitute for medical professional help or advice but is to be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge.

Sewage Info

Alternative Sewage Systems


The mound system was developed in North Dakota in the 1940's by the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The systems were constructed as a circular mound designed to overcome the slow permeability of the soils and the harsh climate. In the 1970's, the University of Wisconsin (Otis, Converse, Tyler) modified the mound design and it has been utilized in the state for almost 30 years. Now known as the Wisconsin Mound, it has been adopted and modified for use in many states. Mounds have been used in the Health District since 1988. In 1988 the "County Mound" was developed for use on some of the county's most limiting sites. The mound is currently considered an "experimental" sewage system that requires a variance from the Board of Health and approval from the State Health Department, as this technology is not currently addressed in local and state rules. Homeowners must sign an acknowledgment form requesting a variance and indicating the the knowledge of the experimental status. As with any system, mounds need grass cover and mowing. Septic tanks should be pumped routinely to prevent sludge solids from entering the mound.

Limiting Conditions Where Mounds Are Advantageous

Mound sewage systems have designed to address certain limiting site conditions. Typically, mounds are utilized when the following conditions exist:

Mound Design

There are three main components to a mound system: a septic tank or pretreatment used, a pump chamber, and the elevated mound. The wastewater flows by gravity from the pretreatment unit, a pump chamber, and the elevated mound. The wastewater flows by gravity from the pretreatment component to a pump chamber. In the Health District the pump chamber is activated by a control panel that time doses the mound. The floats in the pump chamber and the control panel activates the pump at a predetermined interval over a 24-hour period.

The mound is composed of sand that has a gravel-filled bed and network of small diameter pipes known as the distribution system. From the pump chamber, sewage effluent is pumped through the piping in controlled, low pressure doses so that uniform distribution is achieved through the sand bed. As the effluent flows out of the small orifices in the pipe and through the sand, treatment occurs. The treated effluent can then percolate through the permeable upper most soil horizon.

Drip Disposal


Drip irrigation technology of wastewater has been used in Israel and throughout the world as a way to conserve water resources and for use in crop irrigation. Recently, drip technology has been adapted for use in wastewater distribution. Drip distribution has been utilized for over ten years in various states throughout the country. Four experimental drip distribution systems were installed in the Health District late in 1998. The Health District and the system manufacturer have monitored these systems since their installation. The systems have operated through two winter seasons without incidence of freezing and have demonstrated successful distribution of effluent in the soil.


A drip distribution system utilizes shallow installation and is pressurized for the distribution of wastewater in soil. It utilizes small diameter tubing installed directly on the surface, in a mound or below grade at shallow depths of 6-8 inches. The wastewater is pumped through the tubing under pressure and drips through a series of evenly spaced pressure compensating emitters. The emitters are designed to ensure that the wastewater is always released at the same slow rate. Pressure compensating emitters allow drip distribution lines to be installed at different elevations at a site while maintaining uniform flow.

Drip distribution works on the principal of timed micro dosing. This maintains the aerobic conditions in the soil which allows for improved wastewater treatment in the soil. Delivering the wastewater to the most biologically active part of the soil minimizes the possibility of groundwater contamination and decreases the potential of wastewater from surfacing on the ground. Timed micro dosing applies wastewater (sewage effluent) to the soil at slow, uniform intervals throughout a 24-hour period. this pattern of dosing requires storage capacity for occasional peak flows.


The basic components of a drip distribution soil absorption system generally includes the following:

As with any soil absorption system, sewage must be pretreated to protect public health and the environment. In most systems, the sewage effluent flows from the pretreatment component(s) to pump chamber equipped with controls where it is stored until predetermined dosing volume is reached. The sensor in the control panel will then activate the dosing cycle. During the dosing cycle the effluent is pumped through filters, into supply lines and then into the drip tubing. the total length of drip tubing depends on the limiting conditions of the soil and the amount of absorption are available, In subsurface installations the tubing is usually installed with a vibratory plow at a shallow depth. In at-grade installations the flexibility of the tubing allows drip lines to be laid around trees and other topographic features with minimal disturbance to the site.

Currently drip distribution is considered to be an experimental system in Ohio and requires a request for a variance from local rules. Homeowners are required to sign an acknowledgment form indicating the experimental status and requirement for an on-going service contract from a qualified service provider.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative Sewage Systems


Mosquito Control

Most of the municipalities in the county that are densely populated, do their own spraying for mosquitoes. Spraying is done in the county to reduce the risk of mosquito borne diseases and to provide for a more comfortable summer environment. Since mosquitoes infected with both La Crosse and St. Louis Encephalitis Virus, and human cases with this disease have, in the past, been identified in the Health District, mosquitoes can be considered a "public health nuisance. The public health significance of mosquitoes has been amplified by the resent spread of the West Nile Virus."

Please contact your local village to obtain a spraying schedule and if you wish to have your residence not sprayed. If you have any further questions that are not answered from this web site, please contact our offices weekdays between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. at 1-866-399-3921 or (419)399-3921.

Pesticides Used within the Health District

Below is a list of materials (including MSDS sheets and Labels) the Mosquito Control program uses to control mosquitoes throughout the county. These items are in PDF format. If you do not have Adobe Reader, please select Adobe Reader and download this software program.


Biomist Label
Biomist MSDS


Abate 4-E Label
Larvaciding Oil Label
Abate Pellets Label (abate5 2002 label)
Vectobac 12AS Label
Vectolex Label


Abate 4E MSDS
Larvaciding Oil MSDS (gb1111)
Abate Pellets (abate 5 msds 2002)
Vectobac 12AS MSDS
Vectolex MSDS


Questions Answers - Pesticides and Mosquito Control
For Your Information: Larvacides for Mosquito Control
For Your Information: Synthetic Pyrethroids for Mosquito Control
US EPA CDC Joint Statement on Mosquito Control